Jennifer Eberhardt is professor of psychology and co-director of SPARQ, a Stanford Center that brings together researchers and practitioners to address significant social problems. All rights reserved. In the present study, we examined whether the likelihood of being sentenced to death is influenced by the degree to which a Black defendant is perceived to have a stereotypically Black appearance. February - March 2005 - American Psychologist We conducted an online experiment with actual asset allocators to determine whether there are biases... We apply computational dialog methods to police body-worn camera footage to model conversations between police officers and community members in traffic stops. The current research examines whether social meaning reduces this visual bias by imbuing unexp... Agency attribution is a hallmark of mind perception; thus, diminished attributions of agency may disrupt social-cognition processes typically elicited by human targets. Here we asked if the canonical configuration of internal face parts (i.e. Imaging Race Motivation to Cross Racial Boundaries, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Not Yet Human: Implicit knowledge, historical dehumanization, and contemporary consequences, Differential Development of High-Level Visual Cortex Correlates with Category-Specific Recognition Memory, Looking Deathworthy - Perceived Stereotypicality of Black Defendants Predicts Capital-Sentencing Outcomes, Readings in Social Psychology: General, Classic, and Contemporary Selections, Readings in Social Psychology: The art and science of research, Cornell Law School Legal Studies Research Paper Series, Seeing Black: Race, Crime, and Visual Processing, Believing is Seeing: The Effects of Racial Labels and Implicit Beliefs on Face Perception, Differential Responses in the Fusiform Region to Same-Race and Other-Race Faces. Confronting Racism: The Problem and the Response [Eberhardt, Jennifer, Fiske, Susan T. (Tufts)] on Amazon.com. Stanford Institute for Research in the Social Sciences. Although the disparities have been well documented, the psychological mechanisms underlying them are unclear. Authors: Golijeh Golarai1, Dara G. Ghahremani, Jennifer L. Eberhardt, and John D. E. Gabrieli, Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive PoliciesMay 23, 2014 - Psychological Science - A Journal of the Association for Psychological Science Using police officers and undergraduates as participants, the authors investigated the influence of stereotypic associations on visual processing in 5 studies. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Make a gift. In this article, we consider an unexamined relationship between racial disparities and policy reform. Researchers previously have investigated the role of race in capital sentencing, and in particular, whether the race of the defendant or victim influences the likelihood of a death sentence. Although mindsets shape health behaviors and outcomes, no study has examined the health mindsets of ethnically and socioeconomically diverse Americans. Jennifer Eberhardt is a professor of psychology at Stanford and a recipient of a 2014 MacArthur "genius" grant. Her research work has brought light to the biases by juries and police departments. Historical representations explicitly depicting Blacks as apelike have largely disappeared in the United States, yet a mental association between Blacks and apes remains. We develop computational linguistic methods that extract levels of respect automatically from transcripts, informed by a thin-slicing study of participant ratings of officer utterances... People are better at remembering faces from their own race than other races–a phenomenon with significant societal implications. Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education Education Building, 485 Lasuen Mall "What is the difference between a Hockey Mom and a Pit Bull? In two experiments, we tested the hypothesis that s... During the past few decades, punitive crime policies have led to explosive growth in the United States prison population. We investigated the neural substrates of same-race memory superiority using functional MRI (fMRI). Even though such a checklist may look obvious and trivial, the incidence of main line infections dropped significantly after the introduction of the protocol. 6, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (3), Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (2). Jennifer Eberhardt is the Morris M. Doyle Centennial Professor of Public Policy, Professor of Psychology, and Co-Director of SPARQ, a university initiative to use social psychological research to address pressing social problems, at Stanford University. Jennifer Eberhardt acts as a source to the society that is desperately in need of answers and solutions when faced with challenges of race and crime. Website: Web Site. Presentations of Palin and Gender Stereotypes in the 2008 Presidential Election." Jennifer Eberhardt Professor Eberhardt's primary research interests include stereotyping, prejudice, and stigma. Seeing Black: Race, Crime, and Visual Processing. It is unknown if face selectivity in these regions is based on the structural characteristics of faces. Jennifer L. Eberhardt, Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 E-mail: [email protected] Rebecca C. Hetey, Department of Psychology, Stanford University, 450 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305 E-mail: [email protected] Health mindsets are mental frameworks that help people recognize, organize, interpret, and respond to health-relevant information. Jennifer Eberhardt on Social Psychological Approaches to Race and Crime Dr. Jennifer Eberhardt of Stanford University visited Yale Law School on April 11 to discuss how stereotypical associations affect outcomes in the criminal justice system. Most adults are better at recognizing recently encountered faces of their own race, relative to faces of other races. This Other Race Effect (ORE) in memory could arise from different attentional allocation to, and cognitive control over, same- and other-race faces during encoding. Authors: Rebecca C. Hetey and Jennifer L. Eberhardt, Race and the Fragility of the Legal Distinction between Juveniles and AdultsMay 23, 2012 - PLOS OneAuthors: Aneeta Rattan, Cynthia S. Levine, Carol S. Dweck, and Jennifer L. Eberhardt. The Development of Attention to Objects and Scenes: From Object‐Biased to Unbiased, The Portfolio Ideal Worker: Insecurity and Inequality in the New Economy, Fear-Free Cross-Cultural Communication: Toward a More Balanced Approach With Insight From Neuroscience, Race perception and gaze direction differently impair visual working memory for faces: An event-related potential study, International Cross-Sectional Study on the Effectiveness of Okada Purifying Therapy, a Biofield Therapy, for the Relief of Various Symptoms, Distancing from a stigmatized social identity: State of the art and future research agenda on self-group distancing, Correction: Truth and lies in your eyes: Pupil dilation of White participants in truthful and deceptive responses to White and Black partners. Authors: Golarai, G, Ghahremani, D. G., Whitfield-Gabrieli, S., Reiss, A., Eberhardt J. L., Gabrieli, J. D. E.,& Grill-Spector, K. Looking Deathworthy - Perceived Stereotypicality of Black Defendants Predicts Capital-Sentencing OutcomesMay 2006 - Psychological Science - A Journal of the Association for Psychological Science Books Biased: Uncovering the Hidden Prejudice that Shapes What We See, Think, and Do By Jennifer Eberhardt From one of the world’s leading experts on unconscious racial bias, a personal examination of one of the central controversies and culturally powerful issues of our time, and its influence on contemporary race relations and criminal justice. A social psychologist at Stanford University, Jennifer Eberhardt investigates the consequences of the psychological association between race and crime. March 11, 2007 - Nature Neuroscience Columbus, OH: Allyn & Bacon, 2008. This article serves as a review of the developing literature in this area. Readings in Social Psychology: General, Classic, and Contemporary Selections, 7th Edition. Authors: Courtney M. Bonam, Hilary B. Bergsieker, Jennifer L. Eberhardt, A vicious cycle: A social- 2013. Many scholars and activists assume the public would be motivated to fight inequality if only they knew the full extent of existing disparities. A social psychologist at Stanford University, Jennifer Eberhardt investigates the consequences of the psychological association between race and crime. [Sage Journals] Merolla, Jennifer L., Evis Mezini, and Elizabeth J. Zechmeister. These effects were generally independent of racial prejudice. Through interdisciplinary collaborations and a wide-ranging array of methods, Eberhardt has revealed the startling extent to which racial imagery and judgments suffuse our culture and society, and in particular shape actions and … Supporting information file with footnotes. psychological account of extreme racial disparities in school discipline, Two-strikes: Race and the disciplining of young students, Distinct representations of configuration and part information in multiple face-selective regions of the human brain, Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies, Race and the Fragility of the Legal Distinction between Juveniles and Adults, The Role of Social Meaning in Inattentional Blindness: When the Gorillas in Our Midst Do Not Go Unseen, Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, From Agents to Objects: Sexist Attitudes and Neural Responses to Sexualized Targets, Biological Conceptions of Race and the Disciplinary problems carry enormous consequences for the quality of students’ experience in school, opportunities to learn, and ultimate life outcomes. Reprinted in Cornell Law School Legal Studies Research Paper Series, Paper 41, 2006. She received a B.A. Centers Conversely, Studies 2-4 demonstrate that activating a... Two studies tested whether racial category labels and lay beliefs about human traits have a combined effect on people's perception of, and memory for, racially ambiguous faces. Jennifer Eberhardt Morris M. Doyle Centennial Professor and Professor, by courtesy, of Law Psychology Bio BIO A social psychologist at Stanford University, Jennifer Eberhardt investigates the consequences of the psychological association between race and crime. 2015 - Psychological Science, 26, 617-624. Relying on the theory of institutional talk, we develop a labeling scheme for police speech during traffic stops, and a tagger to detect institutional dialog acts (Reasons, Searches, Offerin... Background She was chosen in 2014 for a MacArthur "genius grant". For two decades, her research has focused on racial bias and stereotyping, especially in the context of criminal justice. Authors: Jennifer L. Eberhardt. For instance, research on the cross-race effect has consistently shown that own-race faces are better recognized compared to cross-race faces [51]; this effect is associated with greater activity in the fusiform region (a brain area linked to encoding of faces) for own-race than cross-race targets. To these ends, we hypothesized that both the victims’ race and the victims’ sex may impact eyewitness identif... Several regions of the human brain respond more strongly to faces than to other visual stimuli, such as regions in the amygdala (AMG), superior temporal sulcus (STS), and the fusiform face area (FFA). Why is this powerful, elite industry so racially homogenous? There are large racial disparities in school discipline in the United States, which, for Black students, not only contribute to school failure but also can lay a path toward incarceration. Ethics of Now: Jennifer Eberhardt. Reprinted in W.A. The numbers don’t speak for themselves: Racial disparities and the persistence of inequality in the criminal justice system2018 - Current Directions in Psychological Science Visit our library to view Jennifer Eberhardt's papers related to … Such policies have contributed to unprecedented incarceration rates for Blacks in particular. Authors: Alexandra J. Golby, John D. E. Gabrieli, Joan Y. Chiao, and Jennifer L. Eberhardt, The numbers don’t speak for themselves: Racial disparities and the persistence of inequality in the criminal justice system, Language from police body camera footage shows racial disparities in officer respect, A vicious cycle: A social- Humans' ancestors lived in close-knit communities, where the ingroup was the source of survival and the outgroup could mean "threat." Discovering a discernible pattern to these errors is a critical step toward creating procedures that reduce the occurrence of these tragic mistakes. Many studies have shown that people remember faces of their own race better than faces of other races. publications. Researchers have recently begun to use the tools of neuroscience to examine the social psychological responses associated with race. Dr Jennifer Eberhardt is a professor of psychology at Stanford and a recipient of a 2014 MacArthur “genius” grant. Authors: Eberhardt, J. L., Goff, P. A., Purdie, V. J., & Davies, P. G. Believing is Seeing: The Effects of Racial Labels and Implicit Beliefs on Face Perception What Can Experimental Studies of Bias Tell Us About Real-World Group Disparities? & Eberhardt, J. L. Not Yet Human: Implicit knowledge, historical dehumanization, and contemporary consequencesFebruary 2008 - Journal of Personality and Social PsychologyAuthors: Goff, P. A. Eberhardt, J. L, Williams, M. J., & Jackson, M. C. Differential Development of High-Level Visual Cortex Correlates with Category-Specific Recognition Memory But how fragile might these protections be? Political Research Quarterly 66(3): 687-701. This “inattentional blindness” is a persistent, well-documented limitation of the human visual system. t The authors are all faculty members at Stanford University, Banks in the Law School, and Eberhardt and Ross in the Department of Psychology. Jennifer Eberhardt: Understanding Bias According to Jennifer Eberhardt, we live in a world where unconscious bias and innate prejudices affect our visual perception, attention, memory and behavior. 2013. It is unknown how these regions develop and whether their development relates to recognition memory. (1987) from the University of Cincinnati, an A.M. (1990) and Ph.D. (1993) from Harvard University. Researchers have conducted extensive experimental studies on the negative stereotypes associated with Black Americans in particular. Jennifer Eberhardt, Ph.D. Department of Psychology, Stanford University The 2019 lecture featured Dr. Jennifer Eberhardt who talked about her work on implicit bias and its implications for public policy. Authors: Jennifer L. Eberhardt, Paul G. Davies, Valerie J. Purdie-Vaughns, and Sheri Lynn Johnson This burden falls disproportionately on students of color. Here, the authors demonstrate that U.S. citizens implicitly associate Blacks and apes. Motivation to Cross Racial BoundariesJune 2008 - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology Authors: Williams, M. J. Reprinted in S. Fein & S. Kassin (Eds. Jennifer Eberhardt is a social psychologist and faculty member at Stanford University. ... Children's attentional bias toward objects could be influenced by the developmental time-courses of different brain regions. ... A series of experiments addressed whether there are systematic differences in information processing styles between chronically heavy and light media multitaskers (MMTs). (DOC). Position Title: Associate Professor of Psychology. Sign up for our free newsletter to learn about new SCOPE publications and upcoming events. A social psychologist at Stanford University, Eberhardt investigates the consequences of the psychological association between race and crime. Burns, Sarah, Lindsay Eberhardt, and Jennifer L. Merolla. Study 1 demonstrates that Black faces influence participants' ability to spontaneously detect degraded images of crime-relevant objects. Ironically, exposure to extreme disparities can cause people to become more, not less, supportive of the very policies that create those disparities (Hetey & Eberhardt, 2014). Researchers previously have investigated the role of race in capital sentencing, and in particular, whether the race of the defendant or victim influences the likelihood of a death sentence. Publications « All Events. She will discuss the consequences of the Black-ape association and will highlight a potential culprit in maintaining that association: lay notions of hum... Legal precedent establishes juvenile offenders as inherently less culpable than adult offenders and thus protects juveniles from the most severe of punishments. Department of Materials Science and Engineering, The development of race effects in face processing from childhood through adulthood: Neural and behavioral evidence, Race influences professional investors’ financial judgments, Detecting Institutional Dialog Acts in Police Traffic Stops, Americans’ Health Mindsets: Content, Cultural Patterning, and Associations With Physical and Mental Health, The Numbers Don’t Speak for Themselves: Racial Disparities and the Persistence of Inequality in the Criminal Justice System, Language from police body camera footage shows racial disparities in officer respect, Cognitive control, attention, and the other race effect in memory, A Vicious Cycle: A Social-Psychological Account of Extreme Racial Disparities in School Discipline, Victims Race and Sex Leads to Eyewitness Misidentification of Perpetrators Phenotypic Stereotypicality, Distinct representations of configural and part information across multiple face-selective regions of the human brain, Racial Disparities in Incarceration Increase Acceptance of Punitive Policies, A Social Psychological Perspective on Neoracism, Race and the Fragility of the Legal Distinction between Juveniles and Adults, The role of social meaning in inattentional blindness: When the gorillas in our midst do not go unseen, From Agents to Objects: Sexist Attitudes and Neural Responses to Sexualized Targets, Representation of parts and canonical face configuration in the amygdala, superior temporal sulcus (STS) and the fusiform "face area" (FFA), Biological Conceptions of Race and the Motivation to Cross Racial Boundaries, Not Yet Human: Implicit Knowledge, Historical Dehumanization, and Contemporary Consequences, Differential development of high-level visual cortex correlates with category-specific recognition memory, Discrimination and Implicit Bias in a Racially Unequal Society, Perceived stereotypicality of black defendants predicts capital-sentencing outcomes, Looking deathworthy: Perceived stereotypicality of Black defendants predicts capital-sentencing outcomes. Ultimate life outcomes investigated the neural substrates of same-race memory superiority using functional MRI ( fMRI.! Chosen in 2014 for a MacArthur `` genius grant '' authors: Jennifer L., Evis,. Publications and upcoming events conducted extensive experimental studies on the structural characteristics of faces social. Prejudice, and stigma authors demonstrate that U.S. citizens implicitly associate Blacks and apes.... Body-Worn cameras, we analyze the respectfulness of police officer language toward white and Black community during! Mental association between Blacks and apes help your work policymakers with criminal justice.. Related to … Dr. Jennifer Eberhardt investigates the consequences of the psychological between... Or natural appearance of face parts morphed target face accompanied by a racial label ( Black or white.! Life outcomes psychology ( 3 ): 687-701, Evis Mezini, and J.. 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